Automatic sprinkler systems are becoming more popular during these times of drought and environmental awareness. Not only does it help save us the woes of having to do this manual labor task, but helps to conserve water by limiting water consumption. Lawn sprinkler system installation is a tricky task to accomplish on your own, though not impossible. Careful measures, planning, and contact with city officials about irrigation and water lines must be undertaken. If you are wanting a sprinkler system for your home, but are not wanting to take on the enormous task, call Jennings Plumbing Services at 972-492-5369 for sprinkler system installation in Carrolton, TX.
How To Install a Sprinkler System
Sprinkler system installation can be achieved in under 10 steps when properly done. Before starting to dig up your yard, you need to contact your city water company and request the required permits in order to begin construction. The water company can also help to tell you where potential underground water or gas lines might be located in your yard and can update you on the backflow prevention requirements in your area. Drawing an outline of your property and labeling important markers like trees, water meters, and soil types will be beneficial. Next, check your water pressure at the water meter. You can do this by turning your water supply off and reading the water pressure gauge to calculate the water pressure psi reading.
How Much Pressure Does a Sprinkler System Need?
Water pressure plays an important role when installing an underground sprinkler system. A lot of water is required to keep your lawn healthy and green, so water pressure usually has to be fairly high. Water pressure is the pressure of the water and how fast it travels through your pipes to be released out of the sprinkler head. The sprinkler system has to be carefully regulated to make sure that the pumps and sprinkler heads don’t get overpowered.
Water pressure is measured in pounds per square inch (psi). The best pressure for sprinkler systems is 30-50 psi. If water pressure is too high, it can cause your sprinklers to mist or fog while too low of water pressure results in inadequate watering. Individual pressure reducing valves or pressure regulators can fix any water pressure problems.
How Far Apart Should Sprinkler Heads Be?
You don’t want your sprinkler heads too close together, to where you are just watering the same are. But you do want your sprinklers close enough to where the mist from one sprinkler can reach another sprinkler location. This is called ‘head to head’ spacing coverage and helps to ensure complete water coverage of your property.
Allowing your sprinkler heads to be spread out across your lawn also gives you the opportunity for future landscaping expansion such as tree planting without having to worry about an ideal planting spot already being taken by a sprinkler head.
What Size Pipe Should I Use For a Sprinkler System?
Valves and pipes are what operate the sprinklers. After calculating your home’s water capacity (GPM), which determines how many sprinklers can run on a valve, this will determine how many piping zones are needed for your sprinkler system installation. The most commonly used pipes for underground sprinkler systems are PVC or Poly Pipes. The size of the pipe will determine on your GPM flow. For GPM flows of 7-12, you can use a PVC pipe that is ¾’. 12-20 GPM required a 1” PVC pipe, and 1 ¼” PVC pipe for GPM flows of 22-32. Poly pipes are used for very small GPM flows of 0-22, with the pipe sizes ranging from ¾” to 1 ¼”just like PVC pipes.
How Deep Should Sprinkler Pipes Be Buried?
After getting approval from your local underground locator service or city to begin trenching and installing piping in your yard, you must dig a hole that is 6-12 inches deep. This is to ensure that there is enough room for retractable sprinklers to go back underground without getting damaged from lawn machines or foot traffic. Also, this is the optimal depth to prevent your water lines from freezing.
Benefits of Professional Sprinkler System Installation
There is a lot that goes into home sprinkler system components and installing them. That is why many homeowners decide to have professional sprinkler system installation and avoid any serious damages from occurring like puncturing an underground gas line or improperly calculating their GPM, resulting in over purchasing piping zones. Benefits of getting professional sprinkler system installation include:
- Obtaining the correct permits for the sprinkler system installation
- Construction safety knowledge
- Will know to avoid tree roots
- Can avoid underground water, sewage, and gas lines
- Can accurately compose a sprinkler system layout to provide water to all access points of your lawn
- Much faster and more precise than doing it yourself
Sprinkler System Installation
The best home sprinkler system that you can get would be an irrigation system. These sprinkler systems are automated, helping to regulate usage and lowering your water bill. Depending on what home sprinkler system components you opt for, your irrigation system could come with rain sensors or automatically lower back into the ground when not in use. If you have any questions on which sprinkler system is best for you or want a professional sprinkler system installation service in Carrolton, TX, the plumbers at Jennings Plumbing Services can help! Call our water experts today at 972-492-5369 for more information.